So, what’s your type? No, we’re not asking about your romantic life! We’re asking about your skin type! Everyone has a skin type although most people don’t realize the importance of determining skin type before committing to a skin care routine. Even if you’re using a skin care line that’s made for all skin types (we just happen to know one if you’re in the market), how you use those products may vary depending on your skin type.
Normal Skin Types
What is normal skin?
First of all, if you have normal skin, congratulations! You’re one of the lucky ones who can pretty much use most products without a lot of adjustment in terms of how frequently you use them or how much you use.
Normal skin is like a good student. It rarely acts up, doesn’t need a lot of special attention, and can go with the flow. Normal skin rarely flakes or needs oil control, isn’t plagued by clogged pores, and doesn’t go completely haywire because of fluctuations in hormones, stress, pregnancy, or even product. Normal skin usually doesn’t experience abnormal textures or severe changes.
How do I know if I have normal skin? What are the signs of normal skin?
If you have normal skin, you’re probably not even all that aware of your skin. If you look at it on the surface, there probably aren’t many signs. You’ll see little or minimal flaking, not a lot of shine, and probably no or little irritation. This sounds like a good thing but remember—having normal skin does not mean you can just ignore it!
What products should I use if I have normal skin?
Normal skin is just as prone to fine lines and wrinkles, sun damage, and uneven skin tone as anyone else. Also, just because you have normal skin now, doesn’t mean you might not experience dryness or sensitivity as you age. That’s why the best route for you is maintenance and that means sticking to a twice daily routine using products that’re good for any skin type.
To keep your skin calm and balanced, find a good, twice-a-day cleanser that’s gentle but really does the job. Also, make sure you’re moisturizing regularly as even normal skins have to keep skin hydrated in order to keep fine lines and wrinkles at bay!
What ingredients should normal skin types look for?
Since you’re all about maintenance, just look for ingredients that keep your skin “as is” like:
- Organic Sunflower Oil – Aside from the fact that it’s full of antioxidants that protect skin from environmental stressors, organic sunflower oil not only hydrates, but helps unclog pores, keeping skin clean and skin tone even.
- Organic Aloe Leaf Juice - Nothing keeps skin calm and soothed like organic aloe leaf juice. Use it to keep your skin’s natural equilibrium!
- Squalane – Squalane is great for normal skin types because it mimics our own natural oil (why mess with a good thing?)
- Lavender Oil – Aside from the fact that it smells glorious, lavender oil helps smooth and protect the skin.
- Wild Geranium Extract – This gentle botanical renews the look of beautiful skin.
Dry Skin Types
What is dry skin?
Dry skin is skin that just doesn’t produce a lot of natural oil (or is just super dehydrated from a poor diet, too much sun, or other environmental factors), resulting in a flaky, often cracked look. Although dry skin is less likely to experience irritation than say, sensitive or oily skin, unfortunately, dry skin is very, very prone to fine lines and wrinkles and is a skin type that does not do well in the sun.
How do I know if I have dry skin? What are the signs of dry skin?
Chances are, if you have dry skin, you know—if not from the way it looks, then from the way it feels.
If you look at dry skin on the surface, you might see some flaking, redness, and probably fine lines and wrinkles. It’s also probably a little dull and uneven. Unfortunately, dry skin can also be pretty uncomfortable—almost like having skin that’s too tight for your face. In extreme cases it can even crack and bleed.
What products should I use if I have dry skin?
If you have dry skin, your priority is going to be making sure your skin is as hydrated as possible. Diet can help this, but so can product!
A strong, nighttime serum or even powerful hydrating mask should be in your skin care routine, as should a really, really good eye cream since the skin around the eye is delicate and produces little oil!
What ingredients should dry skin types look for?
- Safflower seed oil - Found in our Crème de la Cream moisturizer, safflower seed oil helps moisturize those dry spots!
- Tocopherol (Vitamin E) - Not only does vitamin E contain antioxidants that will help protect delicate, dry skin from environmental stressors, it really adds moisture to your skin.
- Castor Oil – Castor oil is an excellent moisturizer, drawing moisture from the air to hydrate skin!
- Vitamin C – Nothing gives dry skin back its glow like a little vitamin C!
- Algae Extract – This natural antioxidant hydrates the skin and minimizes the look of fine lines and wrinkles, which is a big issue for dry skins!
Oily Skin Types
What is oily skin?
Oily skin is skin that produces an excess of sebum which is an oil produced by the body naturally. The good news is that oily skin is usually less prone to fine lines and wrinkles than dry skin. The bad news is that oily skin can be, well, uppity. The excess oil produced by oily skin can often clog pores, cause irritation, and—if there is such a thing—cause a little too much “glow.”
How do I know if I have oily skin? What are the signs of oily skin?
Oily skin shines like a light bulb (especially on those Zoom calls!). Although that shine is usually on the t-zone—the nose and forehead—it can actually be all over the face. That sounds nice, but for most people with oily skin, this is usually too much of a good thing. The oil from that glow can also clog pores which makes skin look unhealthy and just kind of…dirty.
What products should I use if I have oily skin?
It’s especially important to oily skins to keep their skin as clean as possible, balance their oils, and exfoliate so that dirt and oil isn’t just sitting on the surface of the skin.
Find a great mask that not only draws out impurities but balances your oils and you’ve already won half the battle. Another great trick is to carry around some blotting papers. They’ll bring oily skins from “oily” to “glow” in seconds and they’re usually pretty inexpensive!
What ingredients should oily skin types look for?
- Bentonite clay – Dirt, oils, and even toxins love to live in oily skin. The problem is, they clog pores, make skin texture uneven, and generally make it hard to maintain healthy looking skin. Bentonite clay acts like a magnet on the skin, pulling out dirt and oil so it can’t irritate oily skin!
- Rose flower oil - Rose flower oil sounds like something an oily skin should stay away from, when in fact, it minimizes the look of pores and helps control oil, all without overdrying out the skin.
- Coconut charcoal – Like bentonite clay, coconut charcoal pulls the dirt and oil out of your skin which is crucial for oily skin!
- Salicylic acid – This highly effective ingredient helps smooth and exfoliate oily skin!
- Non-comedogenic ingredients - Truthfully, every skin type should use non-comedogenic ingredients as they don’t clog pores, but oily skins should pay special attention to them.
Combination Skin Types
What is combination skin?
Combination skin is when someone has facial skin that consists of more than one skin type. Usually, it means an oily t-zone and dry or normal skin everywhere else, but it can really refer to any combination of skin types (dry/normal, oily/normal, etc.).
For example, you might have a super oily forehead and nose that are prone to congested pores, shininess, and even redness but at the same time have cheeks that are so dry they flake and have a dull appearance.
How do I know if I have combination skin? What are the signs of combination skin?
Most people with combination skin can pretty much tell by looking if they have it. Pores on the nose are sometimes visible or even clogged while other parts of the skin literally flake from dryness. Similarly, you may have areas on the skin that go haywire when exposed to comedogenic products while other parts seem capable of withstanding anything.
What products should I use if I have combination skin?
Combination skin is all about balance—making sure the oils in the oily parts of the skin are balanced, while making sure the dry parts get enough moisture.
A toner that controls excess oil and hydrates the dry parts is an easy, quick way to make sure you’re tending to all parts of your skin. Also, think about using a powder cleanser on your t-zone from time to time or if weather changes are making those oily parts exceptionally oily.
What ingredients should combination skin types look for?
- Organic Rosehip Seed Oil – It would almost be easier to say what rosehip oil doesn’t do for skin than to explain what it does, but we think if you have combination skin, you’ll find it not only helps skin glow, but it helps even out skin tone as it moisturizes.
- Organic Coconut Oil – Organic coconut oil is great for moisturizing the drier parts of combination skin!
- Rosemary Leaf Extract – This antioxidant will help keep your skin smooth and calm!
- Kaolin clay – Kaolin clay acts as an exfoliant, making sure the oily part of your skin stays free of gunk that can really irritate it!
- Shea butter – Since the dryer parts of your skin will need some special attention, try shea butter which acts as a moisturizer.
Sensitive Skin Types
What is sensitive skin?
Sensitive skin can behave a lot like sensitive people—it doesn’t take much to put either completely out of whack (no shade—we’re just painting a picture!). From weather changes to hormone fluctuations to new detergent, there’s almost nothing that can’t affect sensitive skin.
How do I know if I have sensitive skin? What are the signs of sensitive skin?
Sensitive skin can be remarkably inconsistent—even if it’s fine one day, it can be irritated and red the next. It can have uneven texture, tone, and feel horrible. It can get clogged pores easily and vacillate between having excess oil and excessive dryness. In short, it’s a real pain and needs special attention.
The name of the game for you is finding gentle products that will enhance skin tone--giving it that glow without further irritating it. A soothing serum that will brighten your skin while restoring its vibrancy is the way to go. Also, if you have irritation of some kind, consider using patches that just target and treat just the irritated area. That way, you’re not risking using new product on skin that gets upset easily.
What ingredients should sensitive skin types look for?
- Jojoba Seed Oil – Jojoba seed oil not only softens and conditions skin, protecting it from environmental stressors which is crucial for sensitive skin, but it balances oils which makes it an ideal part of your skin care routine. And guess what—it takes off make-up, too!
- Organic Green Tea Leaf Extract – Green tea not only helps hydrate the skin, it helps balance the oils in skin by reducing sebum, the oil found naturally in skin. Not only that but it helps even skin tone and helps improve skin texture.
- Citric Acid – This alpha hydroxy acid (AHA), acts as a gentle exfoliant that’s easy on sensitive skin.
- Horsetail Extract – This antioxidant helps soothe and calm sensitive skin.
- Ylang Flower Oil – This botanical has a lovely calming sensation on the skin
Mature Skin Types
What is mature skin?
Mature skin is generally skin that’s beginning to show some signs of aging like fine lines and wrinkles or sun damage. Although mature skin is a sign of aging, it’s all but impossible to say exactly when someone might start experiencing mature skin, especially since so many factors play into mature skin like genetics, hormonal changes, diet, and lifestyle.
Although there’s only so much damage anyone can avoid, a lot of time spent in the sun, excessive drinking, and a diet full of sugary foods can really speed up the rate at which skin matures. And of course, let’s not even discuss what smoking does to speed up skin’s aging process.
How do I know if I have mature skin? What are the signs of mature skin?
One of the biggest signs of mature skin is a loss of firmness. When we’re young, our skin tends to bounce back easily (literally and figuratively!), but little by little, that firmness decreases.
Mature skin can also really show signs of sun damage. The scary thing about sun damage is that you might not see the effects right away, even after a really bad sunburn, but wait a few years, and wow, is it clear what the sun can do to skin! One way to really look older before your time is to expose your skin to the sun summer after summer. And remember, not only is sun damage unsightly, it can also be really dangerous!
Although everyone is different, mature skin also has a tendency to be on the drier side. As we age, our ability to produce natural oils declines, making even formerly oily skin drier and prone to fine lines and wrinkles. That loss of natural oils combined with sun damage, lifestyle, and other factors, can also lead to mature skin looking a little dull.
What products should I use if I have mature skin?
One of the best defenses against getting mature skin, well, prematurely, is to make sure you’re using the right products. Keeping skin well hydrated and protected from the sun is crucial to keep your skin looking as young as possible. For that reason, we obviously recommend that mature skin types use a moisturizer but also…
Eye cream is just a must. This, along with the lips, is where fine lines and wrinkles usually develop first--plump them up with a good eye cream to stay looking young. And although this is true for all skin types, you must use a good sunscreen as nothing ages skin faster than the sun’s rays!
What ingredients should mature skin types look for?
- Glycerin - Glycerin moisturizes the skin almost like a vacuum cleaner would, pulling the moisture up from below skin’s surface to the upper layers.
- Ferulic acid - Ferulic acid is an antioxidant, standing the gap between your skin and environmental stressors, thus reducing the visible signs of aging.
- Acai Fruit Extract – Acai fruit extract has wonderful anti-aging properties and will give mature skin a younger glow!
- Laurelwood Seed Oil – Laurelwood seed oil not only moisturizes but has anti-aging properties as well.
- Organic Reishi Mushroom Extract - Organic Reishi Mushroom Extract not only diminishes the appearance of wrinkles and fine lines, but it protects skin from environmental stressors
So the next time you’re asking yourself, “What type of skin do I have?” you’ll know how to see the signs whether you have excessively oily, sensitive skin or dry, mature skin! And if you’re still not sure, wash your face and then wait 30 minutes without applying any product. If your skin looks shiny, you have oily skin. If it looks and feels dry, you’ve got dry skin. If your T-zone looks shiny? That’s combination skin!
Knowing what skin type you have is half the battle of maintaining vibrant, healthy skin so figure yours out today!